Montezuma Historical SocietyMontezuma Historical Society

Timeline

 

5500 BC

  • Earliest traces of Native Americans in Seneca River Valley

1677

  • Jesuit Mission settlement, called St. Rene’s Mission. (Maps indicate Montezuma Hamlet area, but name of mission is also referenced to be in Savannah area.)  Click here for Indian Land Map

1779

  • Gen Sullivan’s Expedition: Gen. William Butler is sent to destroy all Indian towns east of Cayuga Lake September 9, 1779

1782

  • Military Tract divisions include Towns of Aurelius and Brutus

1789

  • Cayuga Reservation formed on East Side of Cayuga Lake

1795

  • New York Treaty with Cayugas to give up land, Cayuga Reservation is surveyed into lots of 250 acres

1796

  • Sale of Indian lands begins

1797

  • Stagecoach route through Cayuga via “Great Genesee Rd” (Later Seneca Turnpike)

1798

  • First settlement at Montezuma made by Peter Clarke, Comfort Tyler, and Abraham Morgan

1799

  • Cayuga County formed from portion of Onondaga County March 3, 1799

1802

  • Town of Mentz formed from portions of Towns of Aurelius and Brutus March 2, 1802

1807

  • Cayugas cede all remaining land to New York State
  • Salt water discovered on branch of Seneca River, now called Salt Creek

1810

  • Cayuga Manufacturing Co. begins salt manufacturing

1811

  • Bridges built over Clyde and Seneca Rivers and turnpike built over the marshes

1820

  • Middle section of Erie Canal is first opened between Montezuma and Utica

1823

  • First stagecoach line from Rochester with stop in Montezuma est. by W. W. Fenlon
  • Baptist Church formed in Montezuma as “Church of Aurelius and Mentz”

1825

  • Daily stagecoach route from Montezuma to Cayuga established by Wm. VanVelzer
  • First Methodist Episcopal Church of Mentz incorporated, with a cemetery known as the old Mentz Church at Mentz Corners
  • Erie Canal completed Oct. 26, 1825

1828

  • Cayuga-Seneca Canal is opened in Montezuma extending canal to the Finger Lakes

1849

  • Richmond Aqueduct construction begins

1855

  • Population about 291, Households, individuals about 900 (based solely on Mentz 3ED census reporting. More individuals enumerated in Aurelius census, but not broken down by ED)

1857

  • Completion and opening of Richmond Aqueduct

1858

  • State appropriates $7000 to develop Montezuma salt springs

1859

  • Montezuma Township created from portion of Mentz Township April 8, 1859

1860

  • Population 291 Households, 1480 individuals

1865

  • Population 292 Households, 1440 individuals

1865

  • St. Michael’s Roman Catholic Church built

1866

  • Montezuma Village incorporated with population of 550

1870

  • Population 271 Households, 1319 individuals

1880

  • Population 352 Households, 1361 individuals

1889

  • Fire destroys many businesses in the village
  • Montezuma Village charter repealed

1900

  • Population 241 Households, 991 individuals

1906

  • Montezuma Fibre Co. opens along the Enlarged Erie Canal, a paper mill that processed flag (cattails) into heavy paper.

1907

  • Rochester, Syracuse & Eastern Rapid Railroad (electric trolley) built through Montezuma with three stops: 69, 70 and 71

1910

  • Population 225 Households, 941 individuals

1913

  • Montezuma Fibre Co. files for bankruptcy and closes.

1917

  • Barge Canal replaces Erie and Richmond Aqueduct partially demolished

1918

  • Exchange Hotel destroyed by fire

1920

  • Population 192 Households, 668 individuals

1927

  • Fire destroys all but two buildings in business section. Town records destroyed with loss of Town Hall

1930

  • Population 181 Households, 690 individuals

1931

  • Rochester, Syracuse & Eastern Rapid Railroad (electric trolley) abandoned

1940

  • Population 196 Households, 889 individuals

1945

  • Montezuma Methodist Church destroyed by fire

1964

  • PepsiCo broke ground for a $22 million Empire State Sugar subsidiary refinery in Montezuma to process sugar beets

1968

  • PepsiCo ceased operation of the plant and leases it to New York Sugar Industries, a subsidiary of Maine Sugar Industries

1975

  • Standard Brands buys and converts beet plant to a corn milling factory called, Clinton Corn Processing

1982

  • Archer Daniels Midland (ADM) leases Clinton Corn, later purchasing only to use as a transfer station for animal feed brought in by rail and shipped to markets by truck

2004

  • Mentz Church building and cemetery placed on the National Register of Historic Places now owned by the Town of Montezuma and home of the Montezuma Historical Society

2005

  • The Seneca River Crossing Canals District was placed the National Register of Historic Places that includes the remains of several Erie and Cayuga Seneca Canals historic sites in Montezuma